'ফ্যান্টাস্টিক ফাইভ' দ্বিতীয়বার নোবেল পুরস্কার জিতেছে | 'Fantastic Five' wins Nobel Prize for second time
বাংলায় পড়ুন নিচে-
Carolyn Ruth Bartozzi and Morten P. for special contributions to the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry. Scripps Researcher Carl Barry Sharpless won the 2022 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Meldal. And through this, Sharpless entered an elite club with John Bardeen, Marie Curie, Linus Pauling and Frederick Sanger. These five people have won the world's most prestigious Nobel Prize twice.
With the announcement of Carl Barry Sharpless as the 2022 winner by the Nobel committee on Wednesday (October 5) at around 4:15 pm Bangladesh time, this researcher from Scripps Research in the United States became the fifth person to win the Nobel Prize for the second time. Carl Barry Sharpless won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the second time. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2001 for his work on 'Chirally Catalyzed Oxidation Reaction'.
Barry Sharpless started working on click chemistry in 2000. At that time he laid the foundation of click chemistry. It is a form of chemistry in which molecular blocks are assembled quickly and efficiently. Also, unwanted by-products are easily avoided.
Now let's take a look at four wonderful representatives of human history who have won the Nobel Prize twice.
1. John Bardeen
Radio, television, mobile phone, computer or tablet - some of the very important accessories in our modern life. And all those who use them should be grateful to John Bardeen. John Burdeen, who holds a doctorate in physics from Princeton University, is credited with inventing the transistor. Transistors replaced vacuum tubes in numerous electronic devices, from headphones to televisions.
Bardeen won the Nobel Prize for the first time in 1956 for the invention of the transistor. Then in 1972, he got the Nobel again in physics. Bardeen won the Nobel Prize with Leon Cooper and John Robert Schriefer for the theory of conventional superconductivity (known as the BCS theory).
2. Marie Curie
Polish scientist Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize twice for the first time in history. In 1903, Marie Curie won the Nobel with her husband Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel for the discovery of radioactivity.
Subsequently, Pierre and Marie Curie were again nominated for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911 for the discovery of the elements radium and polonium and for investing their fortunes in this work. However, Pierre died in 1906, and since the Nobel Prize is not awarded posthumously, only Marie Couric was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1911.
3. Linus Pauling
American chemist Linus Pauling is the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice without sharing it with anyone. Linus Pauling won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the first time in 1954 for his research on the nature of chemical bonds.
Eight years later, Pauling's policy of military pacifism against nuclear weapons during the Cold War won him the Nobel Peace Prize.
4. Frederick Sanger
Frederick Sanger was a biochemist who successfully determined the amino acid sequence of proteins. Sanger successfully identified insulin as the key hormone regulating glucose metabolism. As a result of this, the English scientist won his first Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1958.
Sanger described in detail the chemical chain of insulin. This made it possible to make synthetic proteins for the first time in the laboratory in 1963. Diabetics should be grateful for Sanger's scientific pursuits.
In 1980, Frederick Sanger again won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovering the method of studying DNA. Sanger's discovery is considered the first step in discovering the nature of the human genome.